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Posted July 13, Reviewed by Jessica Schrader. Watch any film or television show made before that features a post-coital couple in bed, and odds are that one if not both of them will be smoking a cigarette. I started with that anecdotal observation just by way of establishing that sex and cigarette smoking are quite literally not so strange bedfellows. However, for a small minority of people, smoking in and of itself can be sexually arousing and for some may even be a sexual paraphilia called capnolagnia. Anil Aggrawal in his book Forensic and Medico-legal Aspects of Sexual Crimes and Unusual Sexual Practices defines capnolagnia as a sexual paraphilia in which individuals derive sexual pleasure and sexual arousal from watching others smoke.
The defining features of capnolagnia are outlined at the Right Diagnosis website. It is claimed that people who experience one or more of the following symptoms are considered to have a smoking fetish: i sexual interest in watching other people smoking, ii recurring intense sexual fantasies involving watching other people smoking, and iii recurring intense sexual urges involving watching other people smoking.
As far as I am aware, there is almost no empirical or clinical research on capnolagnia. As with many other fetishes, like-minded people began to meet on online newsgroups such as early groups like alt. For others, it stems from an attraction to more worldly people whose smoking epitomizes their strength and self-confidence.
Within gay culture, this fetish often stems from the image of masculinity … Another cultural source for the fetish may be eroticized depictions of women who smoke that come from older motion pictures, especially from the film noir era … it has also been speculated that men who have smoking fetishes are more likely to have mothers who smoked, going back to the old belief that all men are secretly attracted to women who are just like their mothers.
The use of the submissive here as an inanimate item has overlaps with the humiliating and masochistic world of forniphilia i. More specifically, the article claims:. It seems that the smell and taste of the cigarettes have a greater role to play in women's smoking behavior than in that of men.
Some fetishists have a fascination with the addictive properties of nicotine, and its ability to cause harm, and there is a sub-fetish relating to women being harmed by smoking, sometimes called 'the dark side,' 'black lung fetish' or 'lung damage. More common videos are those showing a woman or a man in bondage, being forced to smoke or to inhale smoke. Both elements may be related to the appeal of the 'bad girl' and the fantasy that even a 'girl next door' type who smokes may be a tigress in the bedroom.
A handful of producers specialize in videos appealing to one or both sides of the fetish … Ironically, as mainstream society has recognized the dangers of smoking, the effect has been to heighten interest in smoking fetishism. I did a literature search on psychological databases for empirical research into capnolagnia and identified only one paper that had even mentioned it. This was in a issue of the journal Tobacco Control where the authors Dr.
Mary Carroll, Dr. Ariel Shensa and Dr. Brian Primacy systematically analyzed YouTube videos with cigarette-related content. Their systematic search online yielded 66 cigarette-related videos for qualitative analysis. The researchers coded the overall portrayal of smoking as positive if the smoking was largely portrayed as attractive, fun, powerful, pleasurable, relaxing or sexy. Given the small sample size and the selective search methods used by the research team, we have no idea if the can be generalized.
However, I realized that after reading this paper that this was the latest in a of studies that have looked at smoking and smoking fetish videos on YouTube except in the studies no one called it capnolagnia. For instance, an earlier study published in a issue of Nicotine and Tobacco Research , by Dr. Susan Forsyth and Dr. Ruth Malone, examined of the most popular YouTube videos about cigarette use. In a issue of the Journal of Health Commerce, Dr.
Hong and Dr. Cody conducted a content analysis study of pro-tobacco websites and examined the models in the photographs displayed on these websites. Similarly, in in the journal Health Education and Behavior, Dr. Kurt Ribisl and his colleagues in North Carolina also conducted a content analysis of over 1, photographs displayed on 30 smoking websites and examined the amount of smoking and nudity displayed. Another study, in a issue of Tobacco Control by Dr. Becky Freeman and Dr. Simon Chapman, examined YouTube videos with smoking content and identified those videos were most commonly watched.
Perhaps unsurprisingly, the most-watched pro-smoking videos were the smoking fetish and female smoking videos. Similarly, in a issue of the journal Health Communication , Dr. Kyongseok Kim and colleagues conducted a content analysis of the smoking fetish videos on YouTube. Among the , videos that were located, a total of 2, 1. Although none of these studies tell us much about the etiology and psychology of smoking fetishes, they do tell us that there are a ificant minority of smoking fetish sites out there, and that maybe capnolagnia is not as rare as first believed.
Aggrawal A. Amos, A. Tobacco Control, 9, Carroll, M. A comparison of cigarette- and hookah-related videos on YouTube. Tobacco Control, 22 5 , — Smoking fetishism capnolagnia. February Forsyth, S. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 12, e Freeman, B. Tobacco content on the YouTube video-sharing website.
Tobacco Control, 16, Hong, T. Presence of pro-tobacco messages on the Web. Journal of Health Commerce, 7, Kim, K. A content analysis of smoking fetish videos on YouTube: regulatory implications for tobacco control. Health Communication, 25, Religious Sex Gothic Fetish, May 8.
Ribisl, K. A content analysis of Web sites promoting smoking culture and lifestyle. Health Education and Behavior , 30, Right Diagnosis February 1. Smoking fetishism. Mark Griffiths, Ph. Mark D. Griffiths Ph. In Excess. Smoking Fetishes Examined A brief look at capnolagnia. References Aggrawal A. About the Author. Online: Personal Blog , Facebook.
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